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Humanistiska och teologiska fakulteterna | Lunds universitet

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Doktorand i idé- och lärdomshistoria sedan HT 2016. Till mina forskningsintressen hör den amerikanska pragmatismen, historieteori och historietänkandets historia. Min avhandling är en studie av John Dewey och R.G. Collingwood. Jag argumenterar för att deras tänkande bör förstås som ett försvar för den humanistiska kulturen emot tendenser förknippade med modernitetens kris, som fragmentisering, scientism, specialisering, individualism och alienation.

Tidigare har jag läst masterprogrammet i historiska studier vid Stockholms universitet. I min masteruppsats undersökte jag historie- och kunskapsteoretiska debatter bland svenska historiker från 1965 och framåt i Historisk tidskrift och Scandia utifrån ett angreppssätt inspirerat av filosofen Richard Rorty. Innan dess har jag läst kulturvetenskap och skrivit uppsatser i filosofi och litteraturvetenskap som behandlat identitet, narration, trauma, minne, och förhållandet mellan historieskrivning och fiktion.

Forskning

Om forskningen

Abstract
A widespread crisis consciousness caught the imagination of many intellectuals during the early twentieth century. The enlightenment belief in progress and rationality was questioned. So was the positivistic ideal of objectivity and universality. All though new scientific fields emerged and discoveries were made, the immense increase in knowledge did not seem to lead to a better world. While industrialisation and specialisation opened new possibilities, technological innovations were also threatening. As traditional values and beliefs were lost and no consensus existed of what to replace them with, an increasing number turned towards the promises of the totalitarian ideologies.


Independent of each other and on different sides of the Atlantic, the American pragmatist philosopher John Dewey (1859-1952), and the British historian and philosopher Robin George Collingwood (1889-1943) found society shattered and human life fragmented. They argued for the importance of wholeness and unity; to connect human beings to the world and to break down the divisions between individual and society, mind and matter, faith and reason. Against the tendencies towards specialisation, they argued for the necessity of bringing all forms of knowledge and human experience together in a single view. Against the emerging totalitarian ideologies, they argued for the necessity to rethink the democracy and western civilisation.


This thesis argues that Collingwood and Dewey’s efforts can be interpreted as attempts to defend humanist culture against the various threats the crisis brought with it, whether social, political, cultural, or intellectual. Dewey and Collingwood’s thought is contextualised against the contemporary crisis, political liberalism, and philosophical idealism. To read Dewey and Collingwood side-by-side brings out previously unknown similarities in their thought and gives it new actuality.

Keywords: John Dewey, Robin George Collingwood, liberalism, idealism, practical knowledge, intellectual history, history of philosophy

Forskningsportalen (Lunds universitet)

Undervisning

Bruno Hamnell

Doktorand
Avdelningen för idé- och lärdomshistoria
Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper

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E-post bruno.hamnellkultur.luse

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Besöksadress Helgonavägen 3, Lund

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Internpost hämtställe 30

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